2 the Evolution
The evolution of thought is an apparent influence in history. Such intellectual periods as the Renaissance and the Enlightenment shape the way humans have thought and had a profound effect on the Earth. The Evolution is arguably the most concentrated intellectual period in all of human history.
The movement grew with a generation of industrially educated scholars. The hundreds of grade A universities that were built in Latin America, and Western migration to Latin America before the Brazilian Insurgency laid the seeds for the bulk of the movement. Evolutionaries used science to achieve the truth. This thirst for truth was intertwined with a respect for nature and in particular the fact that natural selection and evolution had already created evaluation of truths by creating perfectly adapted life forms. Intellectual’s revived interest and observation of evolution and its application to society is what gives the movement its name. They believed that rational thought is the only valid thought, and that it should govern every decision. Arbitraries were condemned as digressive lies. No dogma was left untouched. Evolutionaries reevaluated every aspect of society and offered ways to transform them. Societies around the world underwent a massive adjustment of thought.
This scientific view of the world led to an explosion in science and technology. Science, backed by a powerhouse of philosophical encouragement, advanced to high complexity. Scientists attempted to speed up evolution in nature in order to benefit humans. This resulted in the expansion of genetic engineering, cloning, and microbe engineering. In this spark of scientific interest and mechanical evaluation of reality, came an advance in computer science. Exploration into the depths of the ocean and the expanses of space also flourished. Sparked by nuclear wars in Western Asia, investigations in nuclear countermeasures produced a great sigh of relief. The sciences during the Evolution changed the world in a variety of ways.
After the period of slowed industrial and scientific development of the first half of the 21st century, the Evolution reintroduced advancement. As massive changes were made, it paved the path for future industrial periods, in addition to providing incentive for anti-industrial periods.
During the early 21st century there was little change in thought processes in universities around the world and theory and advancement remained relatively stagnant as America led the world while fostering a conservative creed. This amplified the reaction sparked by the Brazilian Insurgency, which manifested into the Evolution. This reaction began as an ideological explosion.
Different views developed around the world and three schools of thought led these views. Since the United States was largely the center of all things during the period it was Americans who began the first significant ideology. In the mid 2050s a large mobilization of philosophies began in Brazil and spread around Latin America. This was a natural outgrowth of the proliferation of young universities there The Latin American school was the most influential and became the forefront of the Evolution. In the late Evolution an Asian school developed and became especially important in the later ideologies of the Western Civilization nations. In much of the world thought was completely joggled and re-formed.
American School: the Anti-Patriots
Revolutionary views developed in America in the 2050s despite the tendency toward philosophical stagnation in the 30s and 40s. Preaching against the dangers of pride, nationalism, and unity, the “big thinker” Brig Rigby spawned the philosophical movement of the anti-patriots after his death in 2051. The Anti-Patriots formed political clubs and a political party in 2057. The Anti-Patriot Party gained limited success but managed to elect 20 senators and 40 congressmen to office. They were soon absorbed by the Green Party. They slowly gained recognition after the Brazilian war effort and developed rather radical views relative to the context of the US.
The first act on the agenda of the Anti-Patriots was to curtail military spending within the US. In the year 2060, the US had enough nuclear warheads to destroy all life on earth 17 times over. The absolute non-necessity of this arsenal was put into extensive light. In the 2010s, an international call for disarmament by the UN reduced the US nuclear stockpile by 25%. Multiple such efforts during the 2040s further reduced the arsenal, but despite these efforts, the arsenal remained significantly inflated from that of the 2010s’ levels. The Anti-Patriot felt that the stockpile was ludicrous. Many other groups called for reduction; however, the Anti-Patriots had a unique motive. While most groups craved world peace and safety, the Anti-Patriots took a neutral stance on war. Instead they focused on the fact that the maintenance of the unnecessary arsenal took a 33% chunk out of the national budget. They proposed that the armory be reduced to single apocalyptic capability (ability to destroy all life on earth only once). However, since 1950 the US had developed such a massive industry to produce and maintain atom bombs and hydrogen bombs that the US had become dependent on the jobs that the industry created in the contemporary production of zyphon bombs. Therefore, the government took a sternly defensive stance on the issue, and the arsenal remained.
However, the concept of reducing nuclear spending helped advance the emphasis of reinvesting surplus capital into domestic improvements. Anti-Patriots stressed that internal investment and reform was necessary for bettering the nation. This idea was reinforced by the long-lived influence of American isolationism on the American psyche. The epitome of this emphasis was reform to increase education. Public education before the 2050s was merely 6% of the national budget. Anti-Patriots were outraged that the vital institution of education was receiving only these scrapes. The need for educated voters was a key ideal that they believed would lead to a reforming and more efficient and successful government. Their campaign made a small but relatively large splash. In 2073 the Public Education Funding Act was passed promising a 10% chunk out of the national budget. Despite the fact that this doubled the potential of American public education, relative to other countries this was conservatively low.
One desired result of the bettering of public education was to bridge the social classes. The Anti-Patriots felt that meritocracy was a myth in America and that capitalism resulted in the oppression of the disestablished. In short, the Anti-Patriots leaned toward socialism. Although not straying far from a belief in the free market they craved the reinvestment of funds to aid the lower classes in order to benefit the country as a whole. However, many groups used this to label them communist and alienate their ideology.
Hooked into their concept that dissent and criticism is good for the health of society (as stated by Brig Rigby), the Anti-Patriots professed that diversity was the leading cause of successful civilization. Using the technique of the Anti-Patriot prophet Brig Rigby they looked at past civilizations to construct this thesis. They argued that ancient Greece and Rome, the Mongol Hordes, Imperial England, and Imperial America all had multitudes of various cultural and racial influences and that this was their reason for dominance. The cause of this success was stated in Ideological Darwinism: just as in biology a lush mix of intellectual “genes” provide a vibrant wetland of evolving ideology that is tested and improved through natural selection. This theory was an explicit synthesis of science and philosophy that was a characteristic of the Evolution. Although the concept was less applicable than the direct goals of other Anti-Patriot movements it grew and established itself quite well, because it did not threaten US politics.
The movement of the Anti-Patriots led a significant, but not dominant, ideological movement. Approximately 33% of Americans identified themselves as Anti-Patriots. Those identified as Anti-Patriots, however, were not strong voters. Politics stayed business as usual. America was still in the swing of the patriotism and conservativeness that had been prominent since the 1980s. Around 67% of America was anti Anti-Patriot, the silent majority. Most Americans remained loyal to strong senses of nationalism and actually increased in national pride throughout the late 2000s. The Anti-Patriots only achieved support in some major cities such as Los Angeles and Chicago. Despite their limited influence within the United States their ideas became increasingly important around the world. Being the earliest intellectual movement of the Evolution they were a major factor in spawning the revolution in philosophy in Latin America.
Latin American School
Latin America was the center of the evolution. Philosophers of Latin America were known simply as Evolutionaries, and became the most significant ideological base for the entire world for centuries to come. Brazil, Peru, Panama, Mexico, Guatemala, and Cuba had the largest universities in the world. These learning institutions had been created by American businesses attempting to train and capitalize on cheap skilled labor in Latin America. Also, many educated bourgeoisie migrated from Europe and the United States, influencing the intellectual atmosphere. The universities there provided pragmatic education in scientific fields and social science. This brewed ideology that was first expressed in the Brazilian Insurgency. The growth of the American schools after the revolution nourished long held dormant intellectual ideas. Intellectuals exclaimed that decisions should be based on factors in a given situation, as did Brazilian revolutionaries, and not be controlled by passion and emotional bias. They rejected the subjective and emphasized the objective. Science found its place in the most abstract of thought, and reason was hailed with more intensity than even during the Enlightenment in seventeenth century Europe; and, more importantly, it incited direct changes in politics.
The tese of the constituição of Brazil enthused discussion on what the true purpose of government was. Intellectuals split into various schools of thought to conjecture on this subject. Andrew Braco professed that government started as a business during prehistoric times. It served as protection against other governments of other settlements. However, a contrary following led by Sophia and Dante Contemzo disagreed with this theory. They concluded that government was the business that governed business, and that prehistoric conceptions of government no longer applied. Their ideology was a form of socialism that stated that government should police business to keep industrial and commercial institutions from exploiting individuals. They continued to state that this was the only purpose of government and institutions created by the government, such as the military and the police force, should be privatized with the only public institution being the regulation of all other institutions. In a sense however, this concept also entailed that all private institutions were somewhat public. The Columbian government took this theory to heart. In 2070 the Columbian government was overthrown by radicals closely associated with the Columbian drug trade. They installed a government based on Contemzo ideology. Most Evolutionaries agreed that government was a business and not a unique or divine institution.
One of the fundamental concepts widely upheld by Latin American theorists was that human nature is selfish. Intellectuals reasoned inductively through historical references and biological observations that the pure purpose of a human was to benefit his or her own self. Reflecting on past atrocities, an Argentinean European History professor named Lupe Gomez observed that in history every event could be traced to selfish causes. Gomez wrote the Origin of the Motive which was widely renowned in Argentina and Mexico. The scientific approach was more popular, however, than the historical approach to hypothesizing. Evolutionaries argued that the only reason why species survive through evolution is because species have the incentive to do so. This throw back to Darwinism, widely discussed in Peruvian and Brazilian universities, expanded the selfish thesis to all life forms, not just humans. Evolutionaries went so far as to argue that selfless acts (i.e. giving to charity) served the purpose of raising the individual’s happiness and self satisfaction. Kaiser Nuno explained:
“when stating that all life is selfish I mean that the creature acts in order that the end result benefits itself; persons also benefit others to raise their self esteem or to make themselves feel better about themselves. This is built-in programming to ensure the advancement of the species. If the life form does not receive an emotional reward for benefiting the species then the species will not get cooperative advantage. Therefore, the species does not survive. Therefore, there are no species that do not have a genetically built-in emotional reward for selfless acts still surviving. Therefore, all life forms commit selfless acts, but not for any other purpose than the personal emotional satisfaction of the individual.”
This theory of “Evolved Selfishness” served to greatly change psychological outlooks. In addition, the nature of the reasoning indirectly undermined the uniqueness of humanity and emphasized that we are no different from other animals.
Views were becoming more controversial. This era in Latin America saw an abolition of censorship. Thoguht was completely liberated and there was an absence of the concept of taboo. One favorite victim of scientific attack was religion and spirituality. Unlike the past criticisms of religion, such as that of Voltaire, many Evolutionaries tactfully criticized religion in general. William Gomez was one “anti-religiousite” who became controversial on an international scale. He disproved the existence of a “God” using a Webster’s English dictionary and philosophical truisms. By connecting thousands of definitions in a complex web and by manipulating language with technical precision he inspired a title wave of controversy and speculation about religion using science. However, the majority of people around the world discounted the theory. Religious leaders quickly rebutted it on the grounds that one cannot attack religion or spirituality with reason or science, because religion’s entire foundation is based on the non-physical and irrational. With such sensitive issues as religion being agitated ferociously all issues were released into the air of speculation.
Latin America started a new sexual revolution. Led by Eduardo Bolivar, Evolutionaries revived the Freudian theory that sexual repression is the cause of many problems in society. They claimed that the only reason sex has been restricted or looked down upon in the past is because of Christian misconceptions that sex for pleasure is a sin. In an era when nearly all venereal diseases were cured in 1st world countries and contraceptives were 99.99752% affective, Evolutionaries encouraged open sexuality. They suggested not only frequent sexual intercourse but also the destruction of monogamous restrictions. The Social Science Party in 2070 passed a bill in Peru to end state sponsorship of marriages. Brazil, Argentina, and Mexico soon followed suit. This bill meant that monogamous marriages were neither restricted nor fostered by the state. Marriage was converted into simply a private agreement. This resulted in a free market of marriage between individuals. Evolutionaries deduced that this would break people away from obligations of monogamy. It also secured the right of marriage for homosexuals. Although most people remained as they were, there were an increasing number of polygamists and a higher incidence of sexual activeness in Latin America, especially in Peru.
Following promiscuity, the legalization of prostitution became a reality in most of Latin America. Conducting extensive research projects, a group of scientists in the University of Bogotá in Columbia evaluated statistics throughout history on prostitution and how it affected daily life. The verdict was that prostitution generally reduced crime, infidelity, rape, and violence. Soon Evolutionaries campaigned to legalize prostitution. The respectability of the research earned legalized prostitution in every Latin American country except for Panama, in addition to many other countries around the world, especially in Asia and Europe. This legalization led to government regulation and actually decreased the spread of venereal diseases. This had a large impact on tourism, especially in Mexico. Many young men from the United States with excess money to spend were attracted by prostitution to Mexico and other countries with legalized prostitution. They traveled to various places in Latin America where they frequented in buying sex. In spite of massive complaints from the US, Latin America enjoyed great income from tourism because of prostitution.
In striving for excellence and attempting to improve the world through science, Evolutionaries began to question how success for one affects the world. Evolutionaries conjectured about how to achieve success from multiple perspectives. From this mentality, Julia Hernandez of Brazil proposed the theory of the Hierarchy of Exploitation in 2085. She stated that the easiest and most short term way to achieve success is to exploit. With mainly the affairs of nations in mind she professed that in history nations became powerful empires by colonizing and exploiting, essentially stealing, from others. She argued that for one state to gain prosperity another must gain depression. She developed this theory of balance by investigating trade patterns; when one country profits from exports, another country loses capital from buying imports. Hernandez expanded this theory to personal economic success. Hernandez explained that even though rich individuals may give money to charity they still are a detriment to the rest of society because the fact that they are successful means that others can not be. Therefore, all selfish success is detrimental to the whole. Hernandez, however, revealed that the only exploitation that is honorable is science and technology. She stated that science and technology “exploits inanimate objects” and benefits everybody. This was a clear praise of scientific development that was the epitome of the Evolution.
One of the longest lasting theories was the Wave Theory, by Efrin Martinez of Mexico, published in 2064 but only getting recognition in the 60s. It stated that every aspect of society oscillates from one extreme to another upon an axis of moderation. He demonstrated this using statistics from history. The clearest example is that of a boom and bust economy. The economy, particularly that of the United States, falls, then grows only to fall again, in a wave-like pattern. He also gave the example of scientific thought versus emotionalist thought. Although this could not be represented clearly in statistics, he strongly presented this point by giving a timeline of movements: the Industrial Revolution (scientific), Romanticism (emotional), Second Industrial Revolution (scientific), etc. He applied this wave model to nearly every aspect of society. To the more numerically accurate examples Martinez applied functions that would model the behavior. The technique became a science, as different kinds of wave functions were evaluated. Social scientists quickly absorbed the theory and used it to predict the future.
This characterized the revolution in scientific statecraft. In Brazil, social scientists in the bureaucracy in charge of interpreting censuses gained establishment. The unemployment problem in Brazil was the first chance for these scientists to prove themselves. Unemployment before the Brazilian Insurgency was at an all time high of 40%, and in 2054 it was at 32%. Out of necessity, a research team of statisticians were employed to predict the future of unemployment for Brazil. They started a massive census and evaluated the statistics to graph a function for the problem. They evaluated that if the Brazilian Social Government (BSG, government in charge of labor, housing, city planning, and the general health of the social makeup) steepened the graduated income tax and heavily taxed land the unemployment levels would decrease. The government instituted this solution. The solution worked and by 2065 unemployment dropped to under 10%, below what was expected from natural boom and bust trends. The Brazilian government used this model of problem solving for many other problems. Statisticians would predict the problems of the future. Social scientists would then fabricate possible solutions. Politicians would then apply the solutions to the given problem. Many other Latin American countries soon followed Brazil’s example after it had been demonstrated to be successful. Social scientists gained an ever important role in the government. The success of this caused governments of Latin American countries to undergo a fundamental transformation during the Evolution. In Brazil, especially, large bureaucracies of statisticians and social scientists were constructed and universities were built to train them in this new field. Statecraft was moving toward mechanization.
Techniques were developed to increase the effectiveness of the scientific bureaucracy. One of the most important was the devolution method. In the 2070s, Instead of universally applying a solution to the entire nation, the Brazilian Social Government and the Brazilian Government of the Economy (BGE, government in charge of production and distribution and promoting economic prosperity) decentralized. Small bureaucracies in the provinces used different techniques to solve local problems. When the local solutions were successful, they were then approved by the central administration and applied to the macrocosm of the entire nation. Once again, with Brazil as the pioneer, Peru, Argentina, Guatemala, Venezuela, and Chile adopted similar systems. Still, many of the countries began the process of recentralizing. They maintained the premise of testing solutions, but decisions were increasingly being made by the central government. They were then tested on small populations and applied universally depending on their success. Despite the revolutionary change this implied, the scientific bureaucracies were a small portion of the governments and the bulk of sovereignty lied with traditional representatives.
Among the various philosophies, Latin American philosophers agreed on a main emphasis. This emphasis was that science is supreme. They rejected irrational thought and believed that only careful and precise calculations led to a valuable thesis. In addition to this main emphasis, the mere fact that there was any philosophical emphasis was quite significant and spawned more intellectual growth in the late Twenty-first Century.
During the revolutions of thought in the US and Latin America another movement was brewing in Asia. This ideology developed out of the long Asian tradition of harmony and respect for nature. The theories, as a result, were somewhat reactionary to the cold, artificial science of the Latin American Evolutionaries.
One prominent view was the respect and trust of instinct. The Korean biologist Wan Min Tzu reasoned that animals have a relatively accurate subconscious calculation for situations. He emphasized that this natural calculation can be more accurate than using laborious calculations with the use of science and suggested the mastery of the instincts and started a small school for learning how to take advantage of this natural skill. His school acquired credibility when he had his students take a calculus test without working out the problems; the students scored nominal marks of an average 75 percent correct with the mere use of intuition. This feat sparked world interest but was scolded with skepticism. Tzu emphasized that the purpose of these instincts were mainly for simple (no more than five-step) calculations, but many theorists interpreted the theory as the abolition of the Scientific Method.
A new process of discovering new technology was also put forth. Ming Obi, an engineer from China, hypothesized that organisms had already developed the most efficient technologies through billions of years of trial and error in evolution. Obi, respecting nature, believed that in the long term future human development of technology would advance more quickly over hundreds of years by mimicking what nature had already developed. Although Obi’s theories were not new and were more abstract than directly applicable, they became recognized and led to a significant push in scientific fields such as submarine design.
Asian thought effused. Although widely overwhelmed by the massively more dominant Latin American theories the ideologies presented in Asia spread throughout the continent and inspired continued debate in Asia. Eastern concepts during the Evolution became an incredible influence in Europe and America and helped to spawn the ideological onslaught of the Revisionists that followed the Evolutionaries.
Apart from the mainstream American, Asian, and massively dominant Latin American schools of thought, the trend of philosophical inquiry touched other parts of Earth.
In the Evolutionary age questions about individuality became a concern to many people and were answered by Jimmie Smith, a Canadian statistics analyst. He observed that an integral part of human psychology was the belief that persons are unique and independent beings who effect their environment. This was an ignorant illusion in a world were 13billion people might claim this uniqueness, Smith argued. In order to achieve a harmony with human psychology and society he reasoned that it was necessary for society to create a false sense of individualism. The prominent vehicle for establishing this need for individualism was expressive art. Smith became the supreme Chancellor of the business territory of Alaska but reached little success with his proposals until Brimo Gomez of Uruguay scientifically examined Smith’s observations. Gomez inducted with statistics and psychological platitudes that throughout history a system for false senses of individuality were already in place: especially evident in the media and advertisements for such things as cosmetics and the unreasonable sales of Sport Utility Vehicles at the turn of the century. Gomez also argued, more controversially, that the western ideal of independence exemplified in the American Revolution was merely part of this psychological need for individuality. The Smith Theory was later sponsored by Canadian universities and solidified itself among social scientists. The layman population entirely disapproved, because this theory expressed an uncomfortable depersonalization of individualism. Still, it found particular support within the Communist Party in the 2090s which was gaining support in Southern Latin America.
Canadians also advocated a renewed pacifism. They were appalled at the events of the Apocalyptic Wars (see Chapter 3) and called for world federalization under a revived UN as a solution to war. Professor Berbon of Montreal led many demonstrations throughout Canada and the United States. When this notion grew, Canadian citizens petitioned and voted to become the first nation completely run by the United Nations. The UN accepted its new sovereignty, but in actuality the sovereignty remained with the Canadian government.
Despite scientific repression and a revived wave of fundamentalism during the 2040s, the Middle East experienced a strong minority of ideological diversion. They emphasized sectionalism. The Sectionalists offered a more active interpretation of the Anti-Patriot theory that internal opposition provides for a better society. They gathered in “thought councils” and organized military action to rebel against the attempts of the Western Powers to federalize and solidify the Middle East. Their philosophical considerations soon became miniscule in comparison to the implications of their diplomatic influences in Pakistan, Jordan, and Egypt, during the nuclear oriented Apocalypse Wars.
Eastern and Northern European intellectuals named the Conformists were significant for their radically divergent theories. John Luke Baison of Norway sums up the movement: “the masses should not concern themselves with the political theories and world changing policies of the world and should simply leave that to the politicians….and us [laughs].” They developed multiple utopian societies throughout Eastern Europe that achieved moderate success but produced scandals in the 2120s. The Conformist ideology was widely condemned throughout the West because of its contradiction of liberalism. It was also denounced by Evolutionaries for its lack of the use of scientific reasoning.
The philosophers around the world during the Evolution appeared in the millions in seemingly immeasurable diversity. The minds of the world had been mobilized. However, the abstract and even meticulous philosophies were only secondary to the immense innovations in the cold hard sciences.
The Scientific Evolution
The most important emphasis of the Evolutionaries was that science is more important than theoretical philosophy. With such encouragement the pursuit of science led to the most significant expansion of technology since the Industrial Revolution. The period was known by many names: the Industrial Evolution, the 3rd Industrial Revolution, the Scientific Evolution, and simply the Evolution. No matter the name, the revolution in science changed the history of the surface of the Earth.
The Human Genome
During the first half of the 21st century, Canadian and American scientists advanced cloning until it was virtually perfected in 2037 when the Green Cross cloned 8 human girls in December of that year. Cloning was a scientific reality but took time to become a sociological reality.
Throughout the mid 21st century law, popular opinion, and lack of demand was able to repress commercial full body human cloning (FBHC). The primary stimulus for a human clone market was the adoption of cloned infants. This market was little more than an anomaly, but enough to fund the industry. Commercially producing clones was made plausible with the centralization of super computers to compute the necessary calculations for interpreting genetic code. The calculations were then sent to the clone manufacturing facility, “clinic,” via a T23 remote area connection (RAN). Although the market was small, wealthy infertile couples from North America and Europe traveled to Peru, Brazil, Argentina, and Mexico (countries with the least cloning restrictions) to return to their states with their cloned offspring. The result of this was the growth of Latin American computer technology and an overflow of orphans especially in the United States. The North decided to hesitantly accept cloning into the Western world through the turn of the 22nd century.
Cloning made its largest impact in single organ cloning (SOG) for medical transplants. The replacement of defective organs with perfect clone organs proved incredible for the longevity of human life. However, there was concern in the first decade of the 21st century that SOG would create a master race of the rich who could afford it and an inferior race of the poor who could not afford SOG transplants. These worries soon disbanded when the price of organ transplants plummeted due to the mass production of cloned organs. However, the critics’ omens were partially realized in the 2100s, for better or for worse. Scolding of SOG dwindled also due to its obviously humanitarian purposes. The readily available organ market enabled the replacement of failed organs, cancerous tissue, and organs lost in war or otherwise amputated. During the early 22nd century cloned organs became so cheap that they were used in cosmetic surgery, despite walking through waste high water of restrictive legislation. Only the destitute poor were unable to afford cloning at the end of the 21st century. This social class restriction brought into question the need for government provisions of Medicare and the necessity of socialism. The cloning of single organs changed the face of the human species to a much greater extent than the cloning of full humans.
SOG and FBHC experienced enormous technical advances in the Evolution and started a new evolution of the human species. The use of excessive cloning by the rich and lack of cloning in 3rd world countries led to a sort of natural selection that proved to be an economic bombshell during the mid 2100s. Genetic engineering enabled the development of genetically enhanced cloning which amplified cloning’s impact in medicine. Notwithstanding reluctance the world became increasingly artificial. The human race evolved into a more immune and physically tougher genus.
Genetic engineering technology steadily increased throughout the early 2000s. In the mid century, ethical issues and controversy caused development and use to decrease in America and a few other nations, especially American influenced Commercial Territoriesa. However the advancement in the field exploded with the slack given by Peru, Paraguay, and especially Brazil.
The principle purpose of the technology was to curb certain diseases at their source, genetic failings. Under strict observance, genetic engineering decreased cancer rates by 20% in the first part of the 21st century. By the end of the 2060s cancer in Latin America became an almost negligible variable. With genetic manipulation and immunity, diabetes, polio, influenza, and the common cold were eliminated in all newly registered infants in Brazil. In 2050 the life expectancy of females in Peru and Brazil was between 115-127 years of age, while male life expectancies followed close behind. With the help of cloning, international health dramatically increased throughout the Evolution.
In Africa and Southern Asia genetic engineering of plants became universally established. With the motive of solving hunger problems in Congo, Madagascar, Indonesia, Thailand, India, Pakistan and Burma the local scientists engineered plants to produce 10 times their organic output. Each of the agribusiness projects was established by one of the following agribusiness titans: Acme Agriculture Corporation (Germany), Time-Warner (US), and International Seeds (Japan). Yet, croppers ignored the fact that food shortages were not the problem. The problem truly arose from withheld distribution and overwhelming prices caused by corruption in governments and in the market. The engineering of food in turn caused overproduction. In addition, products were only exported at bottom prices; the countries that needed the food could not afford to buy it. Hunger led to violent revolution in Madagascar, Indonesia, Thailand, Burma, and India. Scientific Socialist governments deeply rooted in the Evolution replaced the old governments. They generally solved the turmoil by freely distributing food and reorganizing labor and the power of genetic engineering to produce luxury crops. Nevertheless, the technology came back to haunt them when in the 2070s new disease epidemics ravaged Burma and Thailand caused by human incompatibility with the genetically engineered foods. In the end the balance was returned by genetically engineering the populations under epidemics to adapt to the unfamiliar diet.
During most of the Evolution genetically engineering for the purpose of aesthetics was internationally outlawed. The UN decreed that the changing of the appearance of a human being was a kind of genocide. Evolutionaries declared objections to this technical categorization but most officials in the UN agreed in the outlaw and forced genetic engineering into a black market. In Columbia, the People’s Senate calculated that the prohibition of aesthetic engineering caused more problems than legalization would and they legalized it. Millions of upper bourgeoisie from the North traveled to Columbia to buy genetic enhancements for their young and themselves or simply went to the growing black market mafias. Slowly it was legalized throughout the world. This kind of genetic engineering eventually took a bite out of plastic surgery, cosmetics, and gymnasiums. It led to generations throughout the 2100s of typically large busted, light eyed, naturally tanned, unhairy chested humans.
Genetic engineering physically changed the human species. In 2150, 9 out of 10 people in the world were genetically engineered in some way out of a population of 17billion. In addition, genetic engineering was a key factor in microbe engineering which changed technology forever.
Genetically engineering humans led to the development of a more important technology: genetic engineering of microscopic organisms. This technology would soon replace chemicals in various utilitarian tasks. Microbe engineering opened the door to a juggernaut of revolutions in science.
Microbes were manipulated with scientific selection and early genetic engineering throughout the early century for industrial cleaners and lubricants. They replaced some simple chemicals. The expansion of microbe cleaners into household items magnified the development of microbe manipulation through genetic engineering. In the free market the leading business AMEI (American microbiological engineering inc) swelled into a world franchise and persisted through the 2060s. Soon other organizations expanded the industry to other markets besides cleaning and lubrication.
To investigate the uses of artificially altered microbes in the production of electricity the Brazilian Institute of Turbine Power (BITP) adopted the new technology and set aside $20 billion for research and development in 2058. In 2063, the BITP announced that it had engineered 1057 new species to be used to produce energy. The procedure to produce the energy with a microbiotic generator was as follows:
- Prepare a cavity to contain burning plasma. A large metallic chamber was used, usually cylindrical or spherical, and the plasma was suspended away from the edges of the chamber using a powerful magnetic field to ensure that the plasma does not melt the compartment.
- Suspend various engineered microbes designed as food (the “prey”) in the center of the chamber
- Release the fuel producing microbes into the chamber to devour the “prey” and multiply. The consumers will emit an extremely flammable gas as waste.
- Slowly raise the temperature to enable the microbes to prepare. Then ignite the gas to produce an intensely hot plasma fire.
- Convert the heat to energy using a simple converter
- (Later developed step) to maintain the machine for much longer periods than 8 hours continually add “prey.” Regulate the machine components and the ecosystem with advanced sensors and a substantial supercomputer.
The engine microbic started as merely an expensive and unprofitable experiment but became incredibly efficient on a behemoth scale and with the introduction of the last step in the procedure. While at the start the engine could not produce enough power to run its own supercomputer, in 2079, the Brazilian electricity farm in Salvador produced enough energy to power all of California (the world’s largest energy consumer at that time). By 2098, the production of energy by microbiotic generators was higher than wind power, tidal mills, damns, and all other forms of power production combined. Microbiotic electricity was an industrial and economic breakthrough. The engine microbe was the single most significant advancement of the “Microbe Evolution” and was the peak of scientific implementation.
Another important development in microbe engineering was that of a sanitizing agent. Genetically enhanced microbes were used as super predators. The microbes would devour all bacteria and stray material in a contaminated area or liquid. Then, the area would be electrically charged. The microbes were designed to then die when charged and magnetize upon death. The inanimate stray microbes would then be cleared from the sterile field with a powerful magnet. This sanitization process was a revolution for controlling substances in a scientific experiment. It was used in the 2080 probe sent to Europa, a moon of Jupiter, to insure that the oceans there would not be contaminated and disqualify the discovery of life there. Also, the sanitizing microbes were effective in medicine and biohazardous areas.
Another revolutionary development was the creation of microbes that would act as enzymes. This use was most crucial in the solving of global warming. The belated universal adoption of hybrid hydrogen-electric cars and the fall of the oil barons due to turbine superiority in the 2020s caused greenhouse gas emitions by humans to dwindle to a mere trickle. However, the natural release of greenhouse gasses such as methane from pockets beneath the earth proved more catastrophic than had been previously thought. However, in 2068 the Toyota Motor Company released their invention of microbes that could fuse and split greenhouse gasses into a harmless product or dividend. With this, scientists were able to change the content of the air and circumvent further catastrophe. In 2077, the CE (Confederation of Earth) organized a campaign to restore the ozone layer and reached its goal in 2112. This marked the beginning of an age of weather control and further placed man dominant over the natural elements, in addition to the artificial elements.
Toward the end of the Evolution, the creation of multi-cellular organisms began. From 2089-2110, Peruvian scientists evolved organisms from genetically engineered microbes to simple colonies of entirely new specie. In the beginning of the 22nd century, specialized colonies and simple animals engineered for complex tasks were created. The new species were mainly limited to aquatic life. Economically, the results of this would not be seen until much later. But the manipulation of truly artificial complex life opened the door to an immensely increased understanding of how consciousness works. The creation of a nervous system in these creatures helped scientists to understand evolutionary biology and enormously advanced the technology of computer artificial intelligence. Through the years Evolutionary scientists would engineer more and more complex organisms as they created an artificial evolution.
In the Late Evolution, microbe engineering overflowed into nearly every industry. More advanced glues highly elastic rubbers, and even building materials were created from specialized species of microbes. The entire chemical industry was turned on its head as many gushed with wealth after embracing the advancement. Microbe engineering became the most important sector of the Evolution. Microbe Evolution was more than a ripple in society, it left a wake in all spectrums of human civilization.
During the 2020s and ‘30s, computer advancement slowed with reduced government sponsorship in the US and Canada and the splitting of the mega titan, Microsoft. The offspring of the mitoses, Microsoft Windows, Microhard, and Nanosoft, moved to Latin American development facilities in the 2050s because of tightening regulations in the US. The Argentine, Chilean, and Bolivian governments openly cooperated with the new companies, encouraging the move. Also, Latin America had the largest supply of relatively cheap highly skilled computer programmers. The computer companies were discouraged from Brazil and Peru because of the controversy surrounding the Brazilian Insurgency until 2061 when the UN and the CE (and therefore the US) declared recognition of the newly morphed governments. In the 2070s, the companies began major development funding and manufacturing in Mexico, Panama and Guatemala. This displacement of the main computer innovators caused a lag of development in the mid century. However, after the dust had settled the 3 giant competitors gushed with new technology. This advancement was compounded with importance because of the massive transfer of economic power from the US to Latin America.
The advent of nano-technology was much anticipated since the late 1900s and was belatedly beginning to be realized. The main pusher of the technology was Nanosoft, which had been dominant in a powerful nano-machine market. However, the coming of microbe engineering made nano machines vastly obsolete. Microbe engineering was becoming increasingly cheap while nano-machines had always been limited by their complexity to build and costly production. Although nano-machines were replaced for most tasks they remained useful and dominant in computer production because of the need to build smaller components, and more compact computers. Thus nano technology had laid the framework for the mass production of more compact, efficient and sophisticated machines.
With the use of nano technology it was finally possible to convert efficiently from the krypton chip to the much more powerful photon chip. The mapping of information on photons and the use of complimentary particles enabled a leap of processing power. Microhard, specializing in computer hardware, began to cooperate with nanosoft to build supercomputers with such technology. The result was a new category of supercomputers: colossus computers (or simply Colossuses). The push for Colossuses originated with the calculation needed in the new technologies that were arriving in the evolution: microbiotic generator; delicate tweaking of engineering marvels; and the running of simulated societies for use in government social science experiments using agent modeling. In 2070 Microhard built a colossus computer in Brazilia that had 1000 times the processing power of all computers on earth in the year 2000.
Nano technology also led to the expansion of compact computers. With the rise and fall of Microsoft’s absolute monopoly the standardization of laptop computers enabled the flexibility of interchangeable parts and easily upgradeable laptops. The convenience level was at a high point in the 2060s and amazingly more than half the population of earth had a laptop; circa 7 billion people owned their own personal laptop computer. Brazil and Peru and Panama had made top of the line laptop computers standard to every public school student by the end of the century. The high demand quickly forced Microsoft Windows to mass-produce at an unprecedented level. With the expansion of processing power came intelligence. There was a growing need for computers to automatically program themselves and repair themselves for convenience in the personal computer market. To achieve these goals, scientists worked from the bottom up mimicking the evolution of organic life. In 2070 personal computers had the intelligence of a cockroach. By the end of the century computers could mimic the intelligence of most kinds of fish and arthropods. This ability expanded the science into physically mimicking life as well. Insect like robots, called “bugsies” were produced for miscellaneous purposes, primarily for military reconnaissance and, contrastingly, children’s toys. Machines built by man were beginning to evolve to the level of man.
There were ramifications of the expansion of computers. The first problems of inflated use of computers discovered were physiological (radiation poisoning and eye atrophy) and psychological introversion; the first was solved by radiation shields and “while-you-sleep” eye correction; the latter was partially solved by government social encouragement programs, but psychologists and psychiatrists could barely meet the demand. In the service industry many simple jobs were replaced with talking machines serving as vending machines. In the free market there was nothing to combat these negative effects of having intelligent computers. It was soon clear that government intervention was needed to shift labor when millions of laborers were displaced and left out of work. Virtually all industrial jobs had been eliminated. This led to massive socialist movements around the world, which found most solidity in Latin America. Regardless, the expansion of production, education, information, and convenience drastically increased living conditions.
The new computer age was primarily a complementary technological revolution. It made all other technological advancements during the Evolution possible and trucked them along with accelerated power. However, computers would only begin to show their full influence after the Evolution had died down.
As with all scientific ages, engineering saw great advancement during the Evolution.
Buildings without a doubt became taller and taller. The Windows Building in Los Angeles built in 2087 was 240 stories tall and 3km high. Such tall buildings were made possible by three things: new mixed metals, tension cables carefully regulated by computers, and the use of more versatile and stronger arches than a semicircle, such as parabolas. These “space-scrapers” were mainly constructed in medium sized cities in Latin America, Japan, and Canada to attract the attention of the millions of new migrants using cheaper transportation. The significant size of such massive buildings raised the production of elevators that could travel 100kmh. Also, the buildings were air sealed in order to maintain adequate air pressure. The buildings became small towns with shopping malls in the center to enable convenience for all the workers of the office buildings. In many cases living quarters were also provided.
The major engineering feats were in the way of bridges and tunnels. In metropolitan areas massive subway tunnels and superway bridges were developed to enable speedy commuting. The most monumental of these were the Italian Transit Bridge connecting Sicily with the rest of Italy and the Russo-American Bridge connecting Alaska with Russia. These bridges used the same computer regulated tension cable technology as in the spaces-crapers and used a combination of suspension cables and counterweights, and light metal arches. With these great constructions humans further tamed topography. The main purpose of these land linking structures was to lay the tracks for the new forms of supersonic trains.
For over a century the maritime superpowers of industry from the United States pushed the use of private transports rather than public transports. The inefficiency of independent transportation benefited the large corporations selling their products (ie. gasoline, tires, cars, engines, etc.) but in the long term were detrimental to society because of their wastefulness. In less private and business oriented nations with looser ties to the US, public transportation was adopted more widely. Germany and France had been expanding train systems and other forms of public transport when Argentina began to fully implement the largely unchanged technologies of Europe in 2055. After the Argentines’ first step, Chile, Mexico, Ecuador, Brazil, Peru, Britain, Germany, Japan, and China joined Argentina as the world’s best public transporters. The Evolution thus forth made public transportation dominant over private.
The technology of magnetically propelled trains was the first to be implemented. Magnetically propelled and suspended trains proved incredibly efficient because the loss in energy and speed due to friction could only come from the air and not from surface friction from a track. Full supersonic potential could not at first be realized because of the inconvenience of a sonic boom. However in 2042, George Pilton of Canada perfected a design for a train car in which the shape of the craft would not disturb the air sufficiently at supersonic speeds to create a sonic boom. More advanced designs were later developed for speeds of mach 2 and eventually beyond mach 4. The sound was further muted in urban areas by making all the trains subterranean and soundproofing the tunnels with a newly developed foam coating. In addition, new forms of safety belts, bracing handles, cushioning, and fluid bags were invented to ensure people could endure the massive acceleration desirable for an even timelier trip. The speeds caused cities to span larger distances and commuting times to decrease, but commuting distance to increase. Workers worked an average of 40km away from their homes. In 2081, a trip from Punta Cordoba, Argentina to Manaus, Brazil took a little over an hour by train.
Supersonic potentials were also wielded in aviation with the recommercialization of quadruple-sonic planes and the shift to quintuple-sonics. Commercial flyers were also expanded to hold 400 people with ample space for luxury. However, luxuries became increasingly less necessary due to the shortening of the flight time. Despite advancements many individuals were unsettled by the extremities of the crafts and were unimpressed with safety statistics. Although plane flights were dominant commercially and by speed, flying began to fall close, trains began to come up to air travel as the most popular form of transportation.
Because of cheaper products and living costs through Evolutionary technology some persons turned to cruise transportation to spend their excess capital. The price to maintain a cruise boat declined with the use of engineered microbes to keep the metal from wearing. The size and capabilities of cruise boats also increased with the help of engineering advances and continual calibrations conducted by supercomputers. The result was enormous floating amusement parks with roller coasters and all where millions found their leisure and relaxation in hotel like settings. A more surprising occurrence was the return of the great dirigibles. In the 2080s it was made possible to efficiently float a dirigible due to advanced safety calculations and control of flammable buoyant gasses. Although impractical for normal transit, cruise blimps achieved great success. With scenic views, the Zeppelin 2 by the Canadian company Alderva achieved much popularity and by the end of the 2110s 150,000 cruise blimps roamed the earth. Many people preferred long luxurious voyages over extraordinarily short regular ones, but the vast majority was still speeding around in faster craft.
When prices for travel dropped with increasing efficiency mass migrations resulted. Many impoverished people of the third world moved to more economically fertile lands. Surprisingly specific, most of the migration was educated wealthy westerners, with left-leaning ideology. Many Americans moved to Europe, Canada, Mexico, and various places in Latin America. Europeans and Canadians, moved to South America. Migration patterns were the most drastic in a century. Since migrants were left-wing, emigration from the US assisted the country in its right turn on the conservative turnpike. On the other hand, it slowly nudged Latin America to even more radical politics. Politics took a back seat to the economic importance, however. The migrations had a direct relationship to the prices of the trips, which were mostly falling. The world was shrinking and to get from one place to another was becoming effortless.
Exploration was an auxiliary science due to its impracticality. The primary emphasis of the Evolution was in the applicable sciences for single generational economic gain (philosophy derived from Kaiser Nuno). Nonetheless, the scientific nature of the era ensured that the Evolution saw its fair share of exploration.
The first kind of exploration was not into the bounds of outer space, but within the substances of matter. In 2069, Nanosoft built the first Brwihes Microscope in Guatemala. The microscope enabled the detection of the disturbances in the Brwihes field around sub-quark particles. With the microscope scientists could map for the first time level 4 and 5 subatomic particles. Although discoveries were barely applicable for practical science they revolutionized theories on matter, antimatter, and spacetime in theoretical physics.
The Japanese, feeling a strong connection with the ocean, and needing to understand it for the control of their sea food harvests, explored the ocean. The Japanese government formed expeditions to observe all the unreached areas at the bottom of the ocean and record any new species discovered. The ships used to achieve such a task called in an entire new genre of submarine engineering. The instruments of the submarines were equipped with counter pressurization regulations that needed to be constantly calibrated by computers. New mixes of metals were implemented. Most bizarre was the use of organic emulation in the propulsion to conserve energy. Many craft were equipped with fins instead of propellers. In 2087 the subs finished their task and every inch of the ocean floor was mapped. 5.3billon new species were discovered; most were arthropods. A close relative to the first species of single celled organism on earth was discovered in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. In addition, a more primitive animal than the sponge was discovered: a multi-cellular organism that consisted of an average of 8 cells. The species was named Pandora, and was most significant in helping to explain the leap from single celled organisms to animals. The new theory was that microbes first organized into packs with other microbes and those packs grew into larger packs which evolved into larger and more complex animals and so on. The probes also discovered an ecosystem that was able to survive at -50 degrees Centigrade, and several species of plant that were independent from and sort of organic fertilization. The discovery of such versatile creatures inspired the expeditions to Mars and Europa to discover life.
The discovery of extra terrestrial life was an intense anticipation ever since they were made popular in science fiction during the early 1900s, and especially after the discovery of bacterial fossils on mars in 2037. In 2086, Japan, Russia, the United States, Britain, and Germany funded the second probe expedition to the moon of Jupiter, Europa, to search for life in the oceans under its ice sheets. The probe was designed to melt through the ice sheet and search Europan oceans with 8 separate, A.I. computer driven submarines. When the probe landed and sent out subs, 4 out of the 8 found simple, multi-cellular organisms. The newly discovered organisms were nothing like any biologist had expected. The creatures did not have DNA. Their genetic structure was determined in the central nervous system and could be altered according to the experiences of the animal. More finds revealed creatures with several central nervous systems. The interest aroused by such a spectacular find led to 20 more probes to Europa during the Evolution. In 2137, the largest find was made: a 4 foot squid-like monstrosity that had 32 tentacles and 5 brains. There were finds in the way of intelligent life. Although difficult to determine because of the immensely different brain structures, chemicals, and components certain species had the brain matter to be close to or even surpass that of a human. However, the intelligence was directed toward the animal’s internal universe and regulation of the organs, which meant not much awareness of the outside world. Therefore, these creatures had negligible ability to create social structure or civilization, or develop technology with the use of foreign objects. On the other hand, the nature of the life was such that internal technology could develop to a great extent due to the immense brain power focused inward and the non existence of a strict genetic code to enable changing of the species mapping. This meant that evolution could potentially be leaps and bounds faster on Europa due to the fact that successful change was consciously decided on rather than the trial and error method used on Earth with Darwinian Evolution. These discoveries intensely fascinated scientists and all people of Earth alike. However, the finding of alien bacterial fossils on mars in 2034 lightened the shock in addition to political distractions during the times of the great discoveries. Also, laymen found aliens less interesting due to their utter disparity, and impossibility of communication. The largest impact the discoveries had was on scientific inquiry and radically changing the way some computer scientists approached AI. Despite the herd’s interest and fascination, the governments funding the expeditions had little patience for seemingly unproductive knowledge seeking, and massively started to cut their funding by the turn of the 23rd century.
The great knowledge of the world and the universe that was obtained during the Late Evolution proved to be only a sideline in the great scientific developments of the age. Science was generally directed toward more practical concerns due to the economic juggernaut of its sponsors. Even though exploration advanced at unprecedented levels, other more useful technologies were more important for human history. Some technologies, however, were the opposite of useful.
A minor cold war began to brew during the Evolution between the US and the revolutionary governments of Latin America. The Southern Coalition (alliance of mostly Latin American nations) continued to gather mutual animosity with the United States. Matters changed when the loose allies of the US began to slacken their connections with the US and support the Southern Coalition. The US responded with a minor arms race to insure their international military dominance. Technology became the key factor in this diplomacy.
One military advancement of Peru which threatened the US was the development of a metal burning bacterium. The bacterium was genetically engineered, which meant that the United States had limited access to the technology used to develop such a weapon. The bacterium was used by the Peruvian Special Forces to burn through walls in SWAT operations. The species would act like an acid and simply burn through any wall almost instantaneously without the need of a demolition team. The bacteria had the ability to burn through a 1.5 meter thick titanium wall in approximately 3.6 seconds. The Peruvian government developed the technology to quickly infiltrate terrorist bases.
The UN decreed in 2030 to end Japanese demilitarization. Japan rebuilt a strong military but was most notable for its innovation in submarine technology that was partially derived from their ocean exploration programs. Submarine warfare was commonly restricted to only the top 10% of the ocean deep. However, new counter pressure and computer calibration technology enabled submarines to dive half way to the deepest parts of the ocean. This greatly expanded the arena of submarine warfare. By the 2080s most major powers had their own form of this submarine technology.
Since the arena of submarine warfare was expanded the volume of space to survey and control was much more overwhelming. The implementation of thousands of individual one man subs was impractical. The solution was the first massive implementation of AI computer driven craft. By the time the Apocalypse Wars in 2078 had ended there were thousands of small unmanned military submarines patrolling the oceans representing various countries. These craft did not merely survey, however, they also engaged enemy craft when necessary, independent of any remote management. It was not long before computer pilots arose from the ocean and into aviation. Computer driven jet fighters began to be an international mainstay in the 2080s. The computer driven craft actually turned out to be superior to human operators because of calculated aiming and steering. Although the majority of ground operations were still dominated by small squads of Special Forces to conduct quick operations, 90% of military vehicles were now independent of human soldiers, and could conduct full scale battles without risking a single human life. This put nations that relied on their sheer numbers to win wars in extreme jeopardy against mobilized and developed nations.
Just like submarine warfare the use of AI in air warfare was also partially because of the expanding arena. Aircraft were reaching higher into the sky and more airplanes from countries were traveling them. Also, the physical fitness of the human pilot was limiting for the jet fighters because too much acceleration could make the blood rush out of or towards the pilot’s head and kill him. This was an increasing problem as speed and agility of jets was increasing during the 2080s. However, a computer pilot could aim and turn more accurately, was not subject to injury during maneuvering, and cheapened the cost of the production of the plane by eliminating the eject and 02 tank functions. It was also more convenient for exosphere conditions. A new era of satellite warfare had dawned by the High Evolution and the need for space bound fighters was a growing necessity, as seen in the Satellite Wars.
The use of antiballistic satellites to intercept nuclear weapons was finally becoming a reality a century after the Star Wars program had failed in America. Brazil, Peru, and Argentina began a joint effort in defensive technology during the 2080s to secure military satellites that would shoot down missiles and defend nearby commercial satellites. By the end of the Satellite Wars, military satellites produced by the Reese Space Corporation could shoot down 70% of ballistic missiles. However, by 2096, the statistic was dropped down to 50% due to missile countermeasures. Regardless, the threat from missiles, especially nuclear missiles, was drastically reduced.
The threat of nuclear holocaust had been anyone’s best guess for the method of global annihilation. This fear intensified during the Apocalypse Wars. The search for a solution began all around the world by different organizations, including the UN and the CE. First the threat was cut in half by antiballistic technology. However, half was still way beyond Armageddon possibilities. The major breakthrough was Johannes Calvin, a German-Japanese man, who invented the super Geiger counter. He discovered a second level of radiation in 3rd level subatomic particles that left a weaker but further traveling radiation. He was able to detect this radiation with a powerful sensor and pinpoint the radiation from a nuclear warhead from 30,000 km away regardless of lead or any other radiation shields. This meant that the location of all nuclear missile silos was common knowledge. Therefore, the ability of an enemy to disable a silo was significantly increased. Antiballistic systems raised their accuracy to 95% due to knowledge of the launch location. The super-Geiger counter also gave away the position of nuclear submarines and any vehicle carrying radioactive material. The holding of nuclear warheads was now a liability, and it became necessary to disable the weapons in order to maintain secret missile silos or implement any useful military strategy. By 2107 only 1,500 nuclear warheads remained in the world. This was a major change for the state of the Earth. No longer was destruction of all life on Earth so easy. However, it led to more open hostilities without the restraint because of fear of possible annihilation.
Domestic weaponry also developed. Domestic law enforcement in Japan used for the first time 100% non-lethal weapons. The use of rubber bullets, foam, sonic pulses, nets, gasses, and electric shocks, and most importantly sandbag bullets and darts. Although enhanced and made more practical, the instruments were more or less the riot gear used in the late 20th century. The success of these weapons in Japan led first United States in 2059 and slowly the rest of the world to adopt such domestic law enforcement tools.
Ironically, the military technology of the Evolution reduced casualties. The nuclear solution, use of computers instead of soldiers, and domestic weaponry all helped keep human destruction out of violent conflict.
A new age of technology, society and thought was at hand. The world was evolving with the power of science and reason. Knowledge was supreme and beliefs were subdued.
Latin America ate most of the fruits of this new age. The investment of Latin American countries into Evolutionary technology had left their funds relatively dry. However, the investments paid for themselves 10 fold near the end of the Evolution. A major shift in power had happened. Now the Southern Coalition Nations had the economic stability and efficiency to surpass the former super giant, the United States.
The newfound power and creativity of the age did not come without resentment and counters. In the United States and much of Europe an ideological movement had been running concurrent and contrary to the Evolution. The two ideologies did not make friends.
a a territory ruled by a private business in which the business rules the population of a territory therefore pushing the business into a limbo between private and public. Arose when the influence and income of American and Japanese businesses far surpassed the influences of any government.
 CE = Confederation of Earth. An alliance system composed of most 1st and 2nd world powers that acted as an alliance. Rivaled the UN, but overlapped its member nations.